Guide to Chefchaouen, Morocco (The Blue City)

Chefchaouen is a small town in northern Morocco, hidden in the Rif Mountains. It’s famous for its pretty blue buildings and narrow streets.

When you visit, you can walk around and enjoy the beautiful views, taste local food, and feel the calm and peaceful atmosphere.

Chefchaouen is a special place that everyone should see.

Let’s explore this place in detail.

LocationNorthern Morocco, Rif Mountains
Known ForBlue-washed buildings, charming medina
Main SquarePlaza Uta el-Hammam
Key AttractionsMedina, Kasbah, Ras El Maa Waterfall, Spanish Mosque
Local SpecialtyGoat cheese
Best Time to VisitSpring (March to May) and Fall (September to November)
Nearby Natural AttractionsAkchour Waterfalls, Talassemtane National Park
Cultural HighlightsTraditional crafts, local cuisine, weekly markets
Languages SpokenArabic, Berber, French
TransportationAccessible by bus or car from major Moroccan cities
This table provides a quick overview of what makes Chefchaouen a unique and appealing destination

Why Chefchaouen is Painted Blue

Chefchaouen is known as the Blue City because most of its buildings are painted in beautiful shades of blue.

Impressions of Chefchaouen, Morocco, also known as the “blue city”
byu/No-Scientist3726 intravel

There are a few reasons for this. Some people believe the blue color helps keep houses cool during hot days. Others say the blue paint keeps mosquitoes away.

There’s also a local story that Jewish people who moved to Chefchaouen long ago started the tradition because blue reminds them of the sky and heaven.

No matter the reason, the blue color makes Chefchaouen a magical and unique place to visit.

Top Attractions and Sights

The following attractions make Chefchaouen a unique and memorable destination, offering a mix of cultural, historical, and natural sights that cater to all kinds of travelers:

1. The Medina:
The heart of Chefchaouen, the medina, is a maze of narrow, winding streets lined with blue-washed buildings. It’s a delight to explore, offering endless photo opportunities and a chance to immerse yourself in local life. The medina is filled with small shops, cafes, and artisan workshops, where you can find traditional crafts and souvenirs.

2. Plaza Uta el-Hammam:
This central square is the hub of the medina and a great place to relax and soak in the atmosphere. Lined with cafes and restaurants, it’s the perfect spot to enjoy a mint tea or a traditional Moroccan meal while watching the world go by. The plaza is also home to the impressive Grand Mosque, with its distinctive octagonal minaret.

Plaza Uta el-Hammam
Plaza Uta el-Hammam via Google Earth

3. The Kasbah:
Located in Plaza Uta el-Hammam, the Kasbah is a restored fortress that dates back to the 15th century. Inside, you’ll find a lovely garden, a small ethnographic museum, and an art gallery. Climb the tower for stunning views over the medina and the surrounding mountains.

4. Ras El Maa Waterfall:
Just a short walk from the medina, Ras El Maa is a picturesque waterfall where locals come to wash their clothes and carpets. It’s a refreshing spot to take a break and enjoy the natural beauty. Nearby, you’ll find a scenic viewpoint overlooking the town.

5. Spanish Mosque:
Perched on a hilltop overlooking Chefchaouen, the Spanish Mosque offers one of the best views of the town and the surrounding countryside. The hike up takes about 30 minutes and is especially popular at sunset, when the town below glows in the soft evening light.

Spanish Mosque
Spanish Mosque via Google Earth

6. Akchour Waterfalls:
A bit further afield, the Akchour Waterfalls are a popular day trip from Chefchaouen. Located in the Talassemtane National Park, these stunning waterfalls are accessible via a scenic hike through lush forests and dramatic gorges. The hike can be challenging, but the breathtaking views and the chance to swim in the natural pools make it well worth the effort.

7. Grand Mosque:
Although non-Muslims cannot enter, the exterior of the Grand Mosque in Plaza Uta el-Hammam is worth admiring. Built in the 15th century, its architecture reflects the town’s Andalusian heritage.

8. Local Markets:
Chefchaouen’s markets are vibrant and colorful, offering everything from fresh produce to handmade crafts. The weekly market, held on Mondays and Thursdays, is particularly lively and a great place to experience the local culture.


Can I take photographs in Chefchaouen?

Yes, Chefchaouen is a photographer’s paradise with its blue buildings and scenic views. However, it’s polite to ask for permission before photographing local people.

Are there accommodations in Chefchaouen?

Yes, Chefchaouen has a range of accommodations, from budget hostels to mid-range hotels and charming guesthouses. Many are located within the medina, offering a unique and authentic experience.

What language is spoken in Chefchaouen?

The main languages spoken in Chefchaouen are Arabic and Berber. French is also widely spoken, and many people in the tourism industry speak some English.

Things to do


  • Chefchaouen’s blue-washed buildings create a serene and picturesque environment, making it a unique destination.
  • The town offers a blend of Moroccan and Andalusian cultures, visible in its architecture, cuisine, and traditions.
  • From the historic Kasbah and Grand Mosque to the natural beauty of Ras El Maa Waterfall and Akchour Waterfalls, there’s plenty to see and explore.
  • Chefchaouen is known for its peaceful and laid-back vibe, perfect for travelers looking to unwind.
  • The residents of Chefchaouen are known for their hospitality, making visitors feel welcome and at home.

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